Coming to the South Atlantic Fire Rescue Expo this week? Sure hope see. Swing by the Raleigh Fire Museum booth on Friday and Saturday and you'll see a slideshow of old photos and vintage rigs and houses from around North Carolina. We'll be located on the mezzanine level, beside the escalators. Yours Truly will be staffing for some of Saturday, and around at other times. See you there. Click to enlarge:
In 1918, US Army General Hospital No. 19, located approximately four miles east of downtown Asheville, NC, began serving soldiers who were training for World War I duty. The hospital was located in the community of Azalea, which was previously known as Gudger’s Ford before being renamed for the flowering bush.
Dr. Z. P. Gruner opened the facility in 1875 as the country’s first private tuberculosis sanitarium. Also known as Azalea Hospital, it later became the only Veteran’s Administration (VA) hospital in the southeast devoted to the treatment of respiratory ailments.
Also in 1918, Sales Order 8790 was issued by the American LaFrance Fire Engine Company of Elmira, NY, specifying details from the United States government for sixteen fire engines subsequently assigned to facilities throughout the country.
Fourteen were Type 75 triple combination pumpers, with specifications of a 156.5” wheelbase, 105-horsepower, six-cylinder engine, and a 750 gallon-per-minute rotary gear pump. This was a very popular apparatus sold between 1915 and 1927, and many served throughout North Carolina.1
On June 18, 1918, American LaFrance Registered Number 2234
was shipped to Azalea, NC, for use at Hospital No. 19. The engine is shown in
the below undated photo. Although thought to be on the hospital grounds, the
exact location of the pictured fire station is unknown. The truck was reportedly
sold to Meriden, MS on April 8, 1935.
Click to enlarge:
This picture appeared in a publication titled Souvenir Book of U. S. Veterans’ Hospital, circa 1922, along with this narrative: "Oteen is well provided for in case of fire. Although the buildings are of temporary structure, every precaution has been taken to minimize fire hazards. The Fire Department is very efficient and well equipped with the latest improved apparatus. Fire drills are frequent and the department has always done such commendable work at these drills that the patients feel that if a fire should break out their firemen would curb it before much damage was done."
By 1924, the facility was known as the Oteen Veteran’s Administration Hospital. The word “Oteen” was derived from an American Indian word meaning "chief aim.” It was adopted at the suggestion of Colonel Henry Hoagland, the chief aim being that every patient get well.
1The remaining two pumpers on the 1918 sales order, American LaFrance Registered Numbers 2244 and 2245, were Type 12 triple combination pumpers. They had specifications of a 161.7” wheelbase, 120-horsepower, six-cylinder engine, and a 1,000 gallon-per-minute rotary gear pump. (Like the Type 75 triple combination, sales of these also began in 1915.) On September 26, 1918, #2245 was shipped to Fort Bragg. This was the only other piece of apparatus in the order to be shipped to North Carolina.
Fire Station Locations
The fire department was housed in at least three buildings. The final location, erected by 1959, was a single-story, single-bay block building located on the southeast corner of the campus. The fire station was large enough for only one vehicle.
The prior location was a one- and two-story wooden structure on the north end
(or rear) of the campus. Built in 1934, it’s identified on a map dated November
1946, with revisions dating from December 1948 to September 1964. The building
is labeled “fire department garage and quarters” and is situated near others
named as warehouse and utilities shops. Click to enlarge:
The 1934 fire station was described in a National Register of Historic Places document dated November 20, 1985. Named “former fire station and garage” it was described as: “One of the last permanent-type buildings constructed in the complex, the fire station and garage is a two-story flat-roofed structure with flanking one-story wings. The principle elevation, which faces east, is formally organized around four segmentally arched vehicle bays. The careful design of this utilitarian structure highlights the planning concept behind the entire complex. Although sited with other utilitarian structures well to the rear of the main hospital campus, the building displays both the symmetrical and classical details of the Georgian Revival theme.”
Personnel and Apparatus
Career firefighters were employed by the fire department until the City of Asheville assumed fire protection responsibility in 1976. It is unknown when the career force started or how many members served.
Apparatus at the hospital included:
- 1918 American LaFrance Type 75 triple combination, #2234, shipped 6/18/18, sold to Meriden, MS, on 4/8/35.
- 1947 Jeep/Boyer with front-mounted pump, Boyer #J-130.
- 1957 International Harvester/Howe, Howe #10169.
See also prior posting on this subject.
- 100 Years of American LaFrance, Walter M.P. McCall, Enthusiast Books, 2005.
- American LaFrance delivery records as compiled by the late American LaFrance historian John Peckham of Cropseyville, NY, and East Arlington, VT. Also available online via the Society for the Preservation & Appreciation of Antique Motor Fire Apparatus in American at http://www.spaamfaa.com/alfresources2.html.
- Asheville City Directories, various years, via Digital, NC, http://www.digitalnc.org/collections/city-directories.
- Asheville Gazeteer, various issues, via Pack Memorial Library, Asheville, NC.
- National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination Form, Oteen Veterans Administration Historic Hospital District, November 20, 1985, http://www.hpo.ncdcr.gov/nr/BN0041.pdf
- National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary,
Asheville, Oteen Veterans Administration Historic Hospital District,
- Oral histories.
- Souvenir Book of U. S. Veterans’ Hospital, compiled and edited by Joseph and Mildred Bernstein, circa 1922. Part of the North Carolina Collection at Pack Memorial Library in Asheville.
- Western North Carolina Heritage, Asheville Fire Department Exhibit page, comments in the “Relation” section, http://cdm15733.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15733coll2/id/6.
Here's where I will be this week at the South Atlantic Fire Rescue Expo. Plus some first-thing/last-thing drive-bys earlier in the week, as the trucks are loaded into the convention center. That's always fun to watch. Need to find me during the show? Look for a large guy in a Hawaiian shirt. Typically with a couple large cameras. Or visit the Raleigh Fire Museum booth on the mezzanine level. We're right beside the escaltors.
Thursday - July 24
- Late afternoon - Check-in as exhibitor (Raleigh Fire Museum), help with booth set-up.
- Early afternoon - Behold BBQ teams as they start their cooking. Take some pictures.
Friday - July 25
- Before 10:00 a.m. - Check-in as a presenter (social media). Help get our booth ready.
- 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. - Attend Expo, see folks, snap shots, loiter at our booth, lunch somewhere on the Mall.
- 3:15 p.m - 4:45 p.m. - Conduct social media workshop with Jeff Hammerstein, The World Is Watching Your Department. Who Will Tell Your Story, You or Them?
- Late afternoon - Run home, eat dinner, take nap?
- Early evening - Attend Brotherbood Bash at Napper Tandy's. Starts at 7:00 p.m. Old Man Legeros will probably arrive early and leave early.
Saturday - July 26
- 8:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. - Prepare booth for the day.
- 9:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. - Staff our booth.
- 11:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. - Head outside for photos of the parade, the trucks, the games, et al. Plus lunch on the Mall.
- 2:30 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. - Staff our booth.
- Later afternoon - Shut down the booth. Take things to car. Say goodbyes. See you next year.
Wake Forest News has posted this three-minute-and-change YouTube video of a heavily-involved house fire in Youngsville yesterday. The address is 1425 Moores Pond Road. The departments on scene were Youngsville, Bunn, Wake Forest, and Franklinton. Plus Franklin County EMS and Youngsville Rescue & EMS. Read the accompanying story.
The Wilmington Fire Department will soon be taking delivery of a new Truck 1, a 2014 Pierce Velocity PUC, 1500/300/100-foot. Here's a factory photo from the Pierce Flickr page. This is the city's third tiller, after a 1917 American LaFrance Type 17-4 (#1493, 75-foot) and a 1963 Seagrave seen in this prior posting. (Model? Number? Full historical fleet listing?)
This also makes the fourth (correct?) tiller in service in our state, after High Point (2004 Pierce), Raleigh (2010 Pierce), and Cornelius-Lemley in Mecklenburg County (1989 Seagrave, ex-Richmond, ex-Bedford, VA). There are also two tillers operating in SoutH Carolina, in Charleston (2013 Pierce) and Hilton Head (Crimson).
The rig arrived at Atlantic Emergency Solutions in Fayetteville on Wednesday, and Lee Wilson took a trip to take some photos. The 63 foot-long (!) truck will be appearing on the show floor at the South Atlantic Fire Rescue Expo in Raleigh next week. See more photos from Lee, including shots of that cool pump panel behind a compartment door.
Lee Wilson photo
Haven't posted one of these in a while. Found this this week. Somewhere inside the Beltline. Hint, it's near railroad tracks.
PowerPoint is Your Friend
Why is Mr. Blogger in Raleigh this week, you ask? Instead of making rounds round Baltimore for the Firehouse Expo? (Have traveled to those parts for fifteen consecutive years. Yikes.) That's 'cause I'm cooking slides for my workshop next week at SAFRE. The subject is social media and reputation management. Mike Legeros joins Jeff Hammerstein, the Wake County EMS PIO. The ninety-minute workshop is titled The World is Watching Your Department. Who Will Tell Your Story, You or Them? (Though we tried to win the prize for longest title, we only scored second place.) Workshop's on Friday, July 25, at 3:15 p.m. Here's one of the slides you'll see, partially revealed. Hint: It's about social media.
Show Program for South Atlantic Fire Rescue Expo
Here's the show program for next week's South Atlantic Fire Rescue Expo at the convention center in downtown Raleigh. It contains the full conference and expo schedule, along with a list of exhibitors and maps to the rooms and halls. View the document (4.6MB PDF). And what a handsome crew on the cover! Love them Squad companies.
The Summer 2014 edition of the Raleigh Fire Department Newsletter has been posted to www.raleighfirenews.org.
This issue's contents include a feature on the fire department's new SCBA, as well as new helmets and gear. Other stories include Haz-Mat to Clayton, Butner; Divisional News; Retirements and Promotions; and a couple photo galleries. The newsletter is
produced quarterly by Editor Mike Legeros. It's a quarterly publication for personnel, retirees, and citizens. And in its eighth year of publication, no less! Read the new issue (PDF), which is posted to the web site www.raleighfirenews.org.
Here's something you don't see every day. That's West Edgecombe and Rocky Mount firefighters at a rock quarry, where a large drilling machine caught fire. The photos are fromBob Bartosz, who submitted same to the Rocky Mount Telegram. (His first rock quarry fire in sixty plus years of fire photography, he confides.) As for the incident, the machine was fully involved on arrival of WEFD. Crews requested mutual aid from RMFD, and Engine 5 was dispatched. The fire took almost an hour to control. Read the story and see a couple more photos. Next question, what's the most unusual vehicle fires that you have fought?
Bob Bartosz/Rocky Mount Telegram photos
The next meeting of the Wake County Fire Commission
is Thursday, July 17, at 7:00 p.m. The location is the Wake County
EMS Training Facility, in the lower level of the Wake County Commons
Building, 4011 Carya Drive. The documents for the meeting are linked below.
- Meeting Called to Order: Chairman Lucius Jones
- Roll of Members Present
- Items of Business
- Approval of Agenda
- Adoption of Minutes for March 20, 2014 Regular Meeting
- Adoption of Minutes for May 1, 2014 Regular Meeting
- Regular Agenda
- Consider Approval of Recommended Fire Commission Standing Committee Realignment
- Consider Approval of Recommended Firefighter first response and EMS Cooperative Patient Care Policy
- Consider Approval of Facilities Committee FY 2015 Recommendation for Planned Facility
- Maintenance, Repairs, and Renovation Projects
- Consider Revision to the Wake County Apparatus Committee Policies and Procedures
- Consider Request for Replacement of DHFD Station 2 Apparatus
- Information Agenda
- Apparatus Committee Update
- Compensation and Staffing Committee Update (Stony Hill Fire Department Reorganization Proposal)
- Equipment Committee Update
- Post Incident Review Update
- Fire Tax Budget and Financial Report
- Cost Share Study Update
- Chair Report
- Fire Services Director Report
- Other Business
- Public Comments:
- Comments from the public will be received at the time appointed by the Chairman of the Fire Commission for 30 minutes maximum time allotted, with a maximum of 3 minutes per person. A signup sheet for those who wish to speak during the public comments section of the meeting is located at the entrance of the meeting room.
- Adjournment - Next Meeting September 18, 2014
Agenda packet (PDF)Charlotte Fleet Listing - 1910s to 1970s
Apparatus fans, here's our historical fleet project. Reader Micah Bodford has been compiling a roster of past 'n' present Charlotte rigs. Here's his data for the first seven decades of motor rigs, with a few inputs merged from myself. Note that the list excludes North Carolina Air National Guard rigs, for now. Ditto for chief cars and most utility vehicles. There are a couple special units listed: searchlight, high-pressure unit. Lots of room for input! Readers, can you help with the bullet-nosed Seagraves and their histories? Any and all feedback is greatly appreciated!READ MORE Durham County Ambulances
Lee Wilson yesterday photographed some Durham County ambulances parked at the Fleet Services facility. They include one of the recently acquired Parkwood Fire Department ambulances. The county took over EMS services in Parkwood on July 1. (We've blogged about Parkwood developments in such postings as this one.) There's also a Bahama Fire Department ambulance in the mix, another former EMS provider.
See the photos, which also include other explorations of Lee's in Durham yesterday. He has pictures of the recently returned 1949 American LaFrance ladder that's parked at the fire department training center, and photos of Station 9 under construction on Midland Terrace.
Lee Wilson photos
Won't see you in Baltimore next year. Taking my first break in a decade or more. The South Atlantic Fire Rescue Expo is the following week, and Yours Truly has two things cooking in addition to his regular rounds and photo taking (see pics from last year and prior years):
- Social media workshop on Friday
- Raleigh Fire Museum booth on Friday and Saturday.
This is the first year that the museum has its own booth. The theme is "learn about other fire museums and fire attractions." We will have materials (both physical and virtual) showcasing both the Raleigh Fire Museum and others in North Carolina and nearby states. And space permitting, maybe a second slideshow with something historical. Please pay a visit and introduce yourself. Mr. Blogger will be around on both days, and staffing the booth for much of Saturday.
As for the workshop, here's a prior posting on that. It's a workshop on social media and reputation management, as presented by myself and Wake County EMS PIO Jeff Hammstein. He's a veteran responder with nearly thirty years of experience, and he'll share his perspectives through both personal experience and local and national examples. As for Legeros, he's going to talk about digital imagery (photos) and information sharing (blog, Twitter, Facebook). He'll have a lot of talk, and a handful (or more) of visuals.
More later. Maybe a sneak peek of a slide or two. Contain your enthusiasm. See you there.UPDATED: Notes on Wilmington's Fire Station Restructuring Plan
The Star News reported yesterday that Wilmington Fire Chief Buddy Martinette briefed City Council on the fire station restructuring plan on Tuesday. His presentation can be viewed here in an audio and video recording of yesterday's meeting. His segment starts at 00:14:26. His slides include these high-level points about the plan:
- Deployment plan is a new system with nine stations instead of eleven.
- Ten engines, four trucks, one rescue.
- No reduction in staffing.
He also notes other objectives have already been completed: automatic aid agreement with New Hanover County FD, participation in a regional incident management system and regional tactical guidelines, and a programmed fleet replacement schedule for every piece of apparatus.
His presentation also includes an update on the new Station 3, and the bids they've received on the project. There are some options for council to consider, such as building the station minus one of the four bays. Or, minus two of the sleeping areas. Or, minus both. Plus a bid option of adding a security fence to the employee parking.
The Star-News story includes this partial image of the Station 3 design rendering:
Firefighters for a Safer Wilmington is a Facebook group, and a social media movement in response to the fire department's fire station plan. They oppose the closures and their position is noted in this handout, which is posted on the site (in the photos gallery).
Reminds me of a letter to the editor of the News & Observer written by myself a double decade ago (in collaboration with firefighters), when the Raleigh Fire Chief at the time was proposing closing Station 5 and 6, and Station 1 and 3, and building a pair of replacement, consolidated stations. The plan was later rejected by City Council.
FireNews.net yesterday posted a story originating with WECT, that the Wilmington Fire Department is planning the restructuring of its fire stations. The plans, which have been cooking for some years, include the closure of four stations and the construction of two new stations. (Guessing that the "closure" aspect will be the prominent or first-appearing detail in subsequent headlines and stories.) Here's a hastily constructed overview of the story and the details gleaned thus far. Still have some to add. Still need some validation, such as... does WFD have just two ladder companies? But other aerial apparatus, with some engines operating quints, correct? And what are the ages of the stations planned for closure?
More later. Watch this space.
- Serves population of 109,922 (2012).
- Serves areaof 1,849.8 square miles.
- Eleven fire stations.
- Twelve engine companies.
- Two ladder companies.
- One rescue company.
- 207 uniformed personnel, 189 who respond to calls.
Four stations planned for closure:
- Station 4 at 310 Wallace Drive - Engine 4
- Station 3 at 3933 Princess Place Drive - Engine 3
- Station 5 at 1502 Wellington Avenue - Engine 5
- Station 6 at 3939 Carolina Beach Road - Engine 6
Two stations planned for construction, and one company relocated:
- Station 3 moved to Cinema Drive.
- Engine 4 personnel combined with crew at Station 8.
- Station 5 and Station 6 combined to new station on Shipyard Drive.
- Station changes presented to City Council on June 6, 2011.
- Based on/influenced by facility study conducted in 2008 by Stewart-Cooper-Newell, that examined Stations 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and three divisions (Logistics, Training, Fire Prevention)
- Savings of over $6 million, plus ongoing operational costs of running four stations. Cost compared to $15 million to replace all of the stations, which included recently rebuilt Station 2.
- Budget for each new station between $2.5 and $3 million.
- Station 3 on Cinema Drive, planned 10,000 square-feet, city soliciting bids.
- Station 5 at 680 Shipyard Boulevard, smaller than Station 3.
In just under three weeks, Wake County Community Outreach Chief Jeff
Hammerstein and local fire blogger/photographer Mike Legeros will
present a workshop on Friday, July 25, at the South Atlantic Fire Rescue Expo in Raleigh. The topic is social media and reputation management:
The World Is Watching Your Department. Who Will Tell Your Story, You or Them?
Friday, July 25
3:15 p.m. to 4:45 p.m.
What happens when someone observes or records your department’s actions, and then takes to the social media airwaves to discuss, dissect, debate, or denigrate? (And for that matter, how should you or your department respond or react to such activities? Both on scene and later.) Not everyone with a camera is a Legeros, who tries his best to put responders in their best light. And then, my images and/or information hasn't always worked to maximum positive effect. (With great media comes great responsibility... and on both sides of the computer.)
Come to the workshop and hear some of what I've learned over the years, through scene photography, and social media sharing via blog, Facebook, Twitter, and more. Plus a detailed look at people looking at emergency services, through the eyes (and analysis of) veteran responder and current EMS PIO Chief Hammerstein.Wilson Fire Department Special Operations Squad
Found this colorful rig while viewing Lee Wilson's album of Wilson fire apparatus. He shot same at Station 4 on January 18, 2012. Our favorite apparatus photographer was in town yesterday, and posted pictures of Wilson's new ladder and other rigs. What's the make, model, and purpose of this truck? We'll look to readers to tell. From Lee's photos, looks like a box truck was also stationed there, perhaps supplementary equipment to the squad? Let's hear from our friends to the east!
Lee Wilson photos
Check out the emblem for Durham County Fire & Rescue, as posted to their new Facebook page. Here's the agency's description from the site:
Durham County Fire & Rescue provides emergency response services, incident prevention and public education ensuring protection to life, and property in the Bethesda Community and Research Triangle Park (RTP) 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.Cary Historical Fleet Listing
Durham County Fire & Rescue provides fire protection, advanced life support at the EMT-I level, certified confined space rescue, and child passenger safety inspections. DCFR operates from two fire stations, serving a primary area of 19.41 square miles. The district serves a large portion of Research Triangle Park, 7,550 residents, and property with an estimated value of $1.7 billion.
The department proudly holds an ISO rating of 4/9S resulting in low insurance premiums for its customers in this primary district. In addition DCFR provides mutual aid response alongside City of Durham Fire Department as well as other mutual aid partners.
Durham County Fire & Rescue is staffed by 31 full-time employees and 12 volunteers. These men and women staff two engines, a 110 foot aerial platform and other fire apparatus as necessary.
In the fiscal year of 2013 DCFR trained for over 12,750 hours and responded to 1,477 emergencies with an average response time of less than 5:45 minutes.
Continuing down the roster road. See more details on this rigs in this Wake County apparatus registry (PDF) that I've lately updated.
- 2014 Pierce Velocity pumper
- 2010 Pierce Velocity pumper
- 2009 Pierce Velocity pumper #2 of 2
- 2009 Pierce Velocity pumper #1 of 2
- 2006 Pierce Dash pumper
- 2003 Pierce Dash pumper #2 of 2
- 2003 Pierce Dash pumper #1 of 2
- 2002 Pierce Dash pumper
- 2000 KME pumper
- 1997 Pierce Lance pumper #2 of 2
- 1997 Pierce Lance pumper #1 of 2
- 1996 Pierce Lance pumper
- 1994 Seagrave pumper
- 1987 Pierce Arrow pumper
- 1987 Pierce Arrow pumper
- 1982 Ford / Pierce pumper
- 1976 Ford pumper
- 1971 ALF Series 1000 pumper
- 1965 ALF Series 900 pumper
- 1953 Seagrave pumper (now antique, built from either part of the original, or replaced with non-Cary antique)
- 1931 Chevy / Pirsch pumper
- 1926? Nash pumper
- 1923? Ford Model T / ALF chemical car
Since we're on the subject of fleet listings, here's all past 'n' present motor rigs in Raleigh. We've blogged about Fayetteville last week, Durham in a prior month, Chapel Hill recently, and had a thread of yore, where we invited people to post their current rosters. Plus this posting from May on the subject of historical fleet rosters.
- 2014 Pierce Arrow XT Rescue Engine #2
- 2014 Pierce Arrow XT Rescue Engine #1
- 2014 Pierce Arrow XT
- 2010 Pierce Arrow XT #2
- 2010 Pierce Arrow XT #1
- 2009 Pierce Arrow XT #2
- 2009 Pierce Arrow XT #1
- 2008 Pierce Arrow XT
- 2007 Pierce Arrow XT
- 2006 Pierce Enforcer #4
- 2006 Pierce Enforcer #3
- 2006 Pierce Enforcer #2
- 2006 Pierce Enforcer #1
- 2005 Pierce Enforcer #2
- 2005 Pierce Enforcer #1
- 2004 ALF Metropolitan #4
- 2004 ALF Metropolitan #3
- 2004 ALF Metropolitan #2
- 2004 ALF Metropolitan #1
- 2002 Quality/Spartan MetroStar #4
- 2002 Quality/Spartan MetroStar #3
- 2002 Quality/Spartan MetroStar #2
- 2002 Quality/Spartan MetroStar #1
- 2001 Quality/Spartan MetroStar
- 2000 Quality/Spartan MetroStar #2
- 2000 Quality/Spartan MetroStar #1
The Asheville Citizen-Times today published a good story by John Boyle on the changes implemented by the Asheville Fire Department since the death of Capt. Jeff Bowen at a commercial structure fire on July 28, 2011. The intentional fire also critically injured firefighter Jay Bettencourt. Here's a blog posting that compiled news stories and reports at the time.
After the death, sixty firefighters began studying sixteen areas that could pose problems at a fire. They "studied best practices from around the country," and crafted a list of 155 areas of improvement. From there, they focused on six changes they felt were the most important and "required the most innovative change."
The six areas of improvement:
- Proactive rapid intervention teams - Enacted February 1, four teams of RIT firefighters totally fifteen or sixteen members are assigned those duties. They are also tasked with "softening the
building," by removing barriers to potential exits and/or placing ladders on second-story or higher windows and exits.
- Expanded incident management - Enacted fall 2012, incident commanders are now assisted by a "command technician." This person duties includes tracking the location of every firefighter inside a burning building, monitoring their air supply, and acting a "second set of ears."
- Air management changes - Enacted December 2011, with new procedures including
mandatory notification of command by firefighters, when their five-minute air alarm sounds. If they haven't exited within sixty seconds, firefighters enter the structure to remove them.
- Mayday training - Enacted fall 2011, this is thorough training simulating such scenarios as wall or ceiling collapses and wire entanglements. As the story notes, upon reviewing the data they collected during this training, they found that fifteen or sixteen firefighters were required to rescue one downed member. Thus the changes to the above RIT procedures.
- Staffing [and training] - Enacted January 2012, with smaller groups of firefighters undergoing training on any exercise, to "better simulate the real event."
- Health and Wellness Changes - Enacted February 2014, the requirement that firefighters must engage in fitness activities for one hour each shift [day?]. Peer fitness trainers will be added later this year.
Our friends to the west are welcome to add additional points, or tell stories behind the story.